The colors of the flag of Pan-Africanism.
Red represents “the blood that unites all people of Black African ancestry, and shed for liberation.”
Black is for “the Black people whose existence as a nation, though not a nation-state, is affirmed by the existence of the flag”.
Green is for the land and “the abundant natural wealth of Africa.”
According to the official website of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL), the flag was developed in the 1920’s by the UNIA and with the support of Marcus Garvey, as a response to a racially derogatory song. The ridiculously popular 1900 coon song “Every Race Has a Flag but the Coon” helped to solidify the term “coon” in the American vernacular.
During a trip to Jamaica, Martin Luther King and his wife Coretta Scott King visited Garvey's shrine on 20 June 1965 and laid a wreath. In a speech he told the audience that Garvey "was the first man of color to lead and develop a mass movement. He was the first man on a mass scale and level to give millions of Negroes a sense of dignity and destiny. And make the Negro feel he was somebody."
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